Zika Virus; Symptoms , Diagnosis,Treatment,Prevention
Zika (ZEE ka) is a disease caused by the Zika Virus. A person becomes infected by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito or by having unprotected sex with an infected person. Infection during pregnancy has been shown to be linked to birth defects in babies. Specific areas where Zika Virus is spreading are often difficult to determine and are likely to change over time. If traveling, please visit the CDC Travelers’ Health website for the most recent travel information.
Not everyone who is infected will experience symptoms. These are the symptoms that can appear within 2 weeks of being bitten:
- Joint pain
- Muscle pain
- Conjunctivitis (red eyes)
The symptoms are usually mild and only affect 1 out of 5 infected people.
Zika Virus; Symptoms , Diagnosis,Treatment,PreventionAnyone who has traveled to a Zika-affected area in the last 12 weeks who has symptoms of the disease should be tested as soon as possible. Pregnant women who have traveled to these areas or have had unprotected sex with a male who could have Zika, whether they have symptoms of the disease or not, need to contact a doctor about testing. The test for Zika is a simple blood test.
There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine that can cure Zika.
Mosquitoes like dark, humid places and standing water, both indoors and out. Here is the best way to avoid mosquito bites and keep from becoming infected with the Zika virus:
- Use an EPA-registered insect repellent (bug spray):
- Read the label on the repellent carefully.
- Do not apply the repellent to hands, eyes or mouth.
- Do not spray repellent under clothing.
- Do not use lemon eucalyptus on children less than 3 years old.
- Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months old. Instead, put a mosquito net around the car seat or carrier.
- Apply sunscreen first, then apply insect repellent.
- Get rid of standing water and water resources. Mosquitoes multiply by laying eggs in and around standing water.
- Empty, turn over or remove anything that holds water (like buckets, toys, vases, and saucers under flower pots).
- Get rid of old tires; drill holes in the bottoms of tire swings.
- Clear clogged rain gutters.
- Treat rain barrels for mosquitoes. Seal openings.
- Patch torn screens.
- Repair leaky faucets.
- Empty bird baths or change water weekly.
- Empty wading pools when not in use.
- If you have a septic tank, repair cracks or gaps. Cover open vent or plumbing pipes. Use wire mesh with holes smaller than an adult mosquito.
- If sleeping outside (camping, etc.) sleep under a mosquito bed net.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- When inside, use air conditioning or window and door screens.
- Use condoms or abstain from sex to avoid sexual transmission.
- Pregnant women:
- Avoid travel to anywhere that Zika virus is spreading
- If you must travel to these areas, talk to your doctor first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites.
- Use condoms correctly every time with male partners who have traveled to these areas.
- To help prevent others from getting sick, strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the first week of illness.
What is Zika virus
Zika virus is a viral infection that is primarily spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. It was first identified in Uganda in 1947, and it is primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The most common symptoms of Zika virus infection are fever, rash, joint pain, and redness of the eyes. In some cases, the infection can lead to more serious complications, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, which can cause paralysis. There is currently no specific treatment for Zika virus infection, but symptoms can be managed with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain and fever medications.
What are symptoms of Zika virus
The most common symptoms of Zika virus infection include fever, rash, joint pain, and redness of the eyes. Some people may also experience muscle pain, headache, and a general feeling of discomfort or illness. In some cases, the virus can cause more severe complications, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, which can lead to paralysis. Symptoms typically appear within a few days of being bitten by an infected mosquito, and they can last for several days to a week. It is important to see a doctor if you think you may have been infected with Zika virus, as early treatment can help manage the symptoms and prevent complications.
What are its preventive measures
There is currently no specific treatment for Zika virus infection, but the best way to prevent infection is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. This can be done by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and staying indoors or in air-conditioned rooms when possible. It is also important to avoid traveling to areas where Zika virus is known to be present, especially if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, as Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects. In addition, practicing safe sex and using condoms can help prevent the spread of Zika virus through sexual contact.
How it spreads
Zika virus is primarily spread by the bite of an infected mosquito, specifically the Aedes mosquito. This type of mosquito is also known to spread other diseases, such as dengue and chikungunya. When a mosquito bites an infected person, the virus enters the mosquito’s body and is subsequently passed on to other people through subsequent mosquito bites. Zika virus can also be spread from a pregnant woman to her unborn child, and through sexual contact. There have been rare cases of Zika virus being spread through blood transfusion and organ transplantation.
Important facts about Zika virus
Zika virus is a viral infection that is primarily spread by the bite of an infected mosquito.
The virus was first identified in Uganda in 1947.
The most common symptoms of Zika virus infection are fever, rash, joint pain, and redness of the eyes.
In some cases, the infection can lead to more serious complications, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, which can cause paralysis.
There is currently no specific treatment for Zika virus infection, but symptoms can be managed with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain and fever medications.
The best way to prevent Zika virus infection is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes, particularly the Aedes mosquito, which is known to spread the virus.
Zika virus can cause serious birth defects if a pregnant woman is infected, so pregnant women should avoid traveling to areas where Zika virus is known to be present.
Zika virus can also be spread through sexual contact,
There have been rare cases of Zika virus being spread through blood transfusion and organ transplantation.
Zika virus is primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but cases have been reported in other areas as well.